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EFFector - Volume 10, Issue 1 - Action in Karn Case Against Irrational Crypto Regs


EFFector - Volume 10, Issue 1 - Action in Karn Case Against Irrational Crypto Regs

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EFFector        Vol. 10, No. 01        Jan. 9, 1997
A Publication of the Electronic Frontier Foundation        ISSN 1062-9424

If you thought 1996 was interesting, it's only Jan. '97 and there's
already a lot of action.  Call this "January Net Activism Week" - there are
several opportunities for all of us to get in some hopefully meaningful
input into a number of government agency reports, rulemakings, and 
inquiries, plus sit in on a groundbreaking privacy and First Amendment 
legal case.  The rules for submission of comments don't make it easy, 
but please make the effort. Democracy: use it or lose it!


Action in Karn Case Against Irrational Crypto Regs (In DC? Attend!)
DoC Crypto Export Regulations: YOUR Comments Due!
FRB Privacy Study: YOUR Comments Due!
IITF NII Policy Overhauled: YOUR Comments Due!
3 FCC Inquiries & Draft Rules: YOUR Comments Due!
  ISPs Shouldn't Be Charged Long-Distance Carrier Fees By Local Telcos
  Technological Hurdles of Net Growth to Be Examined
  Universal Service Reform
DHHS Medical Privacy Open Hearing: YOUR Comments Due!
FTC Privacy Hearing Report: "Notice, Choice, Security, Access"
NACIC & DoD Hint at Tracking Net Users
  PTO to Hold Domain Name Trademark & Unfair Competition Hearing
Upcoming Events
Quote of the Day
What YOU Can Do

 * See or, /pub/Alerts/ for more
 information on current EFF activities and online activism alerts! *


Subject: Action in Karn Case Against Irrational Crypto Regs (In DC? Attend!)

[Friends of crypto freedom should definitely attend.  The courtroom
holds approximately 50 people, and we'd like to fill it.  Show Judges
Williams, Ginsburg and Rogers the importance of the case.  This is the
first time that a crypto export case has hit a Court of Appeals, and
your rights are very much at stake here.

If you're in the DC metropolitan area, come on out and show Phil Karn
your support as he challenges the export control laws!]

   "Books are OK to publish, floppies are not" policy faces next challenge

Washington, January 8 - Laywers for researcher Philip R. Karn, Jr.
will argue in court this Friday that Government restrictions on
distribution of encryption software violate the First and Fifth
Amendments of the Constitution, and are "arbitrary, capricious and
invalid" regulations.

This week's hearing, on January 10, 1997 at 9:30AM in the US Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, is open to the public at
333 Constitution Avenue, Washington DC.

The Government will argue that its rules are its own business, which
courts should not oversee, and that it is legitimate to regulate free
speech and publication when the government is uninterested in
suppressing the content thereof.  (The government actually has a
strong interest in suppressing the public's ability to understand and
deploy strong cryptography, but has managed to convince the district
court of the opposite.)

The lawsuit is complicated by the Government's introduction last month
of new encryption regulations.  President Clinton ordered on November
15 that the regulations be moved from the State Department to the
Commerce Department.  Over Christmas, the Clinton Administration
published its new Commerce Department regulations, which are
effectively identical to the State Department regulations, and put
them into immediate effect.  Mr. Karn's case only named the State
Department.  In an unusual switch, the Government is arguing that it
should be able to replace the State Department with the Commerce
Department as a defendant, in the hope of keeping the case alive.
(Most defendants would be happy to have the case disappear.  The State
Department appears to be hoping they will get a better decision in
this case than in related cases.)

The State Department regulations at issue were struck down in December
by Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in a similar case brought by Professor
Daniel Bernstein in San Francisco.  Judge Patel called the regulations
a "paradigm of standardless discretion" which required Americans to
get licenses from the government to publish information and software
about encryption.  No court has yet ruled on the new Commerce
Department regulations, which include the same provisions that were
declared unconstitutional.

"This case clearly raises an issue of fundamental importance to
cryptographers and computer programmers generally," said Kenneth Bass,
lead attorney in the case.  "The fundamental issue is how the courts
will treat computer programs.  Books are entitled to the full
protection of the First Amendment, but the trial judge in this case
decided that source code on a diskette does not enjoy that same
protection.  Programmers immediately recognize the utter irrationality
of this distinction.  We now will see whether the appeals courts will
also see it that way."

"Phil Karn's case illustrates both the irrationality of the encryption
rules and the depths of the bureaucratic mazes which protect them,"
said John Gilmore, co-founder of the Electronic Frontier Foundation,
which backed the suit.  "The idea that the First Amendment protects
the author of a book, but not the author of an identical floppy disk,
is ridiculous.  All books, magazines, and newspapers are written on
computers today before print publication, and many are also published
online.  Yet here we have Government lawyers not only defending their
right to regulate machine-readable publication, but also arguing that
the courts are not permitted to re-examine the issue.  Their argument
amounts to `Trust us with your fundamental liberties'.  Unfortunately,
a decade of NSA actions have amply demonstrated that they are happy to
sacrifice fundamental liberties when it gives them an edge in some
classified spy program.  Unless there's a clear and present danger to
our nation's physical security (which we have seen no evidence of),
our citizens' right to speak and publish freely is much more important
to American national security than any top-secret program."

Civil libertarians have long argued that encryption should be widely
deployed on the Internet and throughout society to protect privacy,
prove the authenticity of transactions, and improve computer security.
Industry has argued that the restrictions hobble them in building
secure products, both for U.S. and worldwide use, risking America's
current dominant position in computer and communications technology.
Government officials in the FBI and NSA argue that the technology is
too dangerous to permit citizens to use it, because it provides privacy
to criminals as well as ordinary citizens.

	Background on the case

Mr. Philip Karn is an engineer with a wide and varied background in
radio and wire communications.  He has given many years of volunteer
work in the amateur radio service, amateur satellite service, and in
the Internet community.  He is the author of the freely available
"KA9Q" internet software for DOS machines, which forms the basis of
many amateur radio experiments as well as several successful
commercial products.  He has written and given away various
cryptographic software, including one of the world's fastest versions
of the Data Encryption Standard (DES).  Phil also did the initial
research into encrypting Internet traffic at the packet level.  Mr.
Karn's home page is at .

In 1994, author Bruce Schneier published _Applied Cryptography_, a
best-selling encryption textbook which included some fifty pages of
encryption source code listings, including very strong algorithms such
as "Triple-DES".  As a civil libertarian, Mr. Karn asked the State
Department whether the book could be exported; they replied that it
was in the public domain and could therefore be exported.  Mr. Karn
then created a floppy disk containing the source code from the book,
and asked if the floppy could be exported.  The State Department
determined in May 1994 that the floppy was a munition.  Mr. Karn
would need to register as an arms dealer to be able to export the

After several administrative appeals, Mr. Karn filed suit in September
1995.  The suit asks a court to declare that the decision was invalid
because the distinction between publication on paper and publication
on floppies has no rational basis, and because the decision violates
Mr. Karn's right to publish the floppy.

Judge Charles R. Richey dismissed the case in a strongly-worded
36-page opinion.  "The plaintiff, in an effort to export a computer
diskette for profit, raises administrative law and meritless
constitutional claims because he and others have not been able to
persuade the Congress and the Executive Branch that the technology at
issue does not endanger the national security. This is a "political
question" for the two elected branches under Articles I and II of the
Constitution."  Mr. Karn, whose effort was motivated by concern for
civil rights rather than profit, appealed.  This week's hearing is the
first public hearing in his appeal case.

The regulations at issue in the case, which prevent American
researchers and companies from exporting cryptographic software and
hardware, are a relic of the Cold War.  The secretive National
Security Agency has built up an arcane web of complex and confusing
laws, regulations, standards, and secret interpretations for years.
These are used to force, persuade, or confuse individuals, companies,
and government departments into making it easy for NSA to wiretap and
decode all kinds of communications.  Their tendrils reach deep into
the White House, into numerous Federal agencies, and into the
Congressional Intelligence Committees.  In recent years this web is
unraveling in the face of increasing visibility, vocal public
disagreement with the spy agency's goals, commercial and political
pressure, and judicial scrutiny.


Lead counsel on the case are Kenneth C. Bass III and Thomas J. Cooper
of the Washington law firm of Venable, Baetjer, Howard & Civiletti,
who are offering their services pro bono.


The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is a nonprofit civil
liberties organization working in the public interest to protect
privacy, free expression, and access to online resources and
information.  EFF is funding the expenses in Mr. Karn's case.

The full text of the lawsuit and other paperwork filed in the case is
available from Phil Karn's web site at:

SOURCE: Electronic Frontier Foundation

CONTACT:  Ken Bass, lead attorney, +1 202 962 4890,;
or Shari Steele, EFF Staff Attorney, +1 301 375 8856,;
or John Gilmore, EFF Board Member, +1 415 221 6524,


Subject: DoC Crypto Export Regulations: YOUR Comments Due!

In an effort to evade a federal judge's finding that software is
protected expression on the First Amendment, the Administration is
playing a regulatory shellgame, scrapping old State Dept. crypto regs for
"new" Commerce Dept. regs that are as bad, and in some cases worse. The
Commerce Dept. is seeking input from the people on these regulations.
Don't miss this opportunity to provide feedback to government in this
vital area. Have a look at the regs, and make your voice heard! See this
issue's lead article for some background on what the problems are.

The full text of the new regulations (the "Interim Rule") can be found at:

What YOU can do: The DoC is requesting comments from the public on this
matter. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, detailed, but concise
comments should be sent (on paper, 6 copies) to the DoC. More information
on making and filing comments is available at:

The docket number for this Interim Rule is "Docket No. 960918265-6366-03,
RIN 0694-AB09" (you will need to include this at the top of your comments).

DEADLINE: February 13, 1997.


Subject: FRB Privacy Study: YOUR Comments Due!

The US Federal Reserve Board requests public comments on issues to be 
addressed in a new consumer information study (ironically required by the 
Economic Growth & Regulatory Paperwork Reduction Act of 1996.)  The study
will aim to determine the public availability of sensitive identifying 
information about individuals, such as social security numbers, mother's 
maiden names, prior addresses, dates of birth, etc.  Additionally, the 
study will look at the "possibility" that such information can be used 
for fraud, and the effect such fraud may have on FDIC banks.  The FRB is 
to report the findings to Congress, including any suggestions for 
legislative change.

The FRB appears to be rather up-to-speed on the problems inherent in the 
social security number system, and related issues such as government 
databases making information of this sort available, leading to "identity 
theft", credit fraud, and access to private information such as school 

This is probably one of the best opportunities in years to raise 
Congressional awareness of these increasingly grave problems, and to 
warn against "solutions" such as electronic national ID cards and other 
even more privacy invasive ideas being floated by various agencies.  The 
FRB is, however seeking input on some specific questions, so general 
privacy-related lobbying is best couched in terms of these questions
and answers to them. The questions are available in the text of the 
FRB's Request for Comments:

What YOU can do: The FRB is requesting comments from the public on this 
matter. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, detailed, but concise 
comments should be sent (on paper) to the FRB. Full guidelines for 
making and filing comments are available at:
toward the end.

The docket number for this Request for Comments is "Docket No. R-0953"
(you will need to include this at the top of your comments).

DEADLINE: January 31, 1997.


Subject: IITF NII Policy Overhauled: YOUR Comments Due!

The White House's Information Infrastructure Task Force has issues a new 
iteration of Administration NII/GII policy initiatives.  The draft 
"Framework for Global Electronic Commerce" aims for "a strategy to help 
accelerate the growth of global commerce across the Internet...The 
proposed strategy establishes a set of principles to guide policy
development, outlines Administration positions on a number of key
issues related to electronic commerce, and provides a road map for
international negotiations, where appropriate. It also identifies
which government agencies will take the lead in implementing this
work." The Administration is now seeking comments from public prior to 
redrafting and formally approving the "strategy".

The document touches on many areas of concern to EFF members and Internet 
users, including taxation, content regulation (i.e., censorship), standards, 
intellectual property, liability, privacy, security, transactions, 
uniform law in multiple jurisdictions, contract enforcement, etc.

Rather surprisingly, the current draft takes a "non-regulatory, 
market-oriented", pro-consumer and rather forward-thinking approach, at
least on paper. The document calls for: establishment of the Net as a 
"duty-free zone", no new Net taxes, laissez-faire policy in standards 
processes and in allowing online payment systems to evolve, 
encouragement of industry self-regulation "where appropriate", and 
improved security & privacy. The paper even addresses (to a limited extent) 
content restrictions and compulsory licensing requirements.

Not surprisingly, however, the document toes the standard Administration 
line on encryption, pulling the doublethink maneuver we have all seen so 
many times before: IITF simultaneously calls for improved computer 
security via encryption, but proposes supporting "key recovery" systems
that are inherently insecure, backed up with the threat of export denial 
for actually secure encryption.  IITF does however readily admit that 
"these export controls have limited the worldwide use of strong
encryption for electronic commerce and other purposes," an admission 
many years in coming from the Administration.  But, the paper also 
hypocritically claims that the transfer of crypto export authority from 
the State Dept. to Commerce is a step that "promotes electronic 
information security and public safety...electronic commerce and secure 
communications worldwide," rather than admitting that it is a further 
attempt to stuff the crypto genie back in the bottle and evade Federal 
court findings that software is protected expression under the First 

Perhaps most disturbingly, the Administration in this paper reaffirms its 
vow to "work within the OECD [and EU] guide... member governments as 
they develop national encryption policies," that is, lobby foreign 
governments to go along with "Clipper 3". The specific policy called for 
includes government agencies holding citizens' encryption keys 
directly, and represents a step backward from the very meager progress 
in getting the government to abandon such dangerous proposals.

Summary of, full text of, and already-received comments on the draft paper
are available at:

What YOU can do: The IITF is requesting comments from the public on 
these issues. Please contribute your comments so that the next draft 
preserves the good features, while encouraging a reformation of the 
Administration's anti-public-interest views on encryption, intellectual 
property, and online content regulation. If you wish to get your word 
in, reasoned, detailed, but concise comments should be sent (on paper) 
to the IITF (c/o Sr. Advisor Ira Magaziner). Full guidelines for making 
and filing comments (considerably less complicated than the FCC 
requirements mentioned below) are available at:

Though emailed comments are accepted, it is unclear whether these are 
considered official or not. In the case of the FCC actions mentioned
below, they are NOT official, only paper ones are.
Better to be safe than sorry.

DEADLINE: January 23, 1997.


Subject: 3 FCC Inquiries & Draft Rules: YOUR Comments Due!

* ISPs Shouldn't Be Charged Long-Distance Carrier Fees By Local Telcos

The US Federal Communications Commission has "tentatively concluded that 
providers of information services (including Internet service providers) 
should not be subject to the interstate access charges that local 
telephone companies currently assess on long-distance carriers", as part 
of a series of proposed new regulations that "provide incentive for 
investment and innovation" in networking.

The full text of this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is available from:

An analysis of the Proposed Rulemaking by Pepper and Corazzini, L.L.P.,
is available at:

What YOU can do: The FCC is requesting comments from the public on this 
matter. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, detailed, but concise 
comments should be sent (on paper, alas) to the FCC. Full guidelines for 
making and filing comments are available at:

The docket number for this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is "CC Docket 
Number 96-263" (you will need to include this at the top of your comments).

DEADLINE: January 27, 1997 (reply comments, in case you wish to 
challenge or support the comments of others, are due by February 13, 1997.)

* Technological Hurdles of Net Growth to Be Examined

The FCC, in a section of the same document, also seeks "to examine the 
more fundamental issues about the implications of emerging data services 
for the public switched telephone network. In the Notice of Inquiry, the 
Commission sought comment on the effects of increasing Internet usage on 
the network, alternative technologies to alleviate network congestion and 
provide higher bandwidth, and how FCC actions could facilitate efficient 
deployment of such technologies."

The full text of this Notice of Inquiry (Section X of a larger Notice of 
Proposed Rulemaking) is available from:

What YOU can do: The FCC is requesting comments from the public on this
matter. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, detailed, but concise
comments should be sent (again, on paper) to the FCC. Full guidelines for
making and filing comments are available at:

The docket number for this Notice of Inquiry is "CC Docket Number 96-262" 
(you will need to include this at the top of your comments).

DEADLINE: February 21, 1997 (reply comments, in case you wish to
challenge or support the comments of others, are due by March 24, 1997.)

* Universal Service Reform

Furthermore, the FCC's Federal-State Joint Board issues to the FCC Common 
Carrier Bureau a Universal Service Recommended Decision, to implement 
provisions of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. It has many implications
for all aspects of US telecommunications. This is a much longer proposal 
than the previous two, and touches on many issues, including:
   competitive neutrality, universal service principles; services eligible
   for support; support mechanisms for rural, insular, and high cost
   areas; support for low income consumers; affordability; support for
   schools, libraries, and health care providers; administration of
   support mechanisms; and common line cost recovery.

The full text of this Recommended Decision is available from:

The already-received comments on the proceeding, to which you may respond 
yourself, are available at:

An analysis of the Recommended Decision provided by People for the 
American Way, Alliance for Community Media, Alliance for Communications 
Democracy, Benton Foundation, Center for Media Education, League of 
United Latin American Citizens, Minority Media and Telecommunications 
Council, National Council of La Raza, and National Rainbow Coalition, is
available at:

What YOU can do: The FCC has requested comments from the public on this
matter, and received some. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, 
detailed, but concise comments based on a review of both the 
Recommended Decision and the already available comments, should be sent 
(again, on paper) to the FCC. Full guidelines for making and filing 
comments are available at [NOTE! This is a different URL than above!]:

The docket number for this Notice of Inquiry is "CC Docket Number 96-45"
(you will need to include this at the top of your comments).

DEADLINE: *January 10, 1997*. The initial comment period is passed. This is
the "last chance" deadline for *reply comments*. 


Subject: DHHS Medical Privacy Open Hearing: YOUR Comments Due!

The US Department of Health and Human Services's National Committee on 
Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS), Subcommittee on Privacy and 
Confidentiality is required to develop recommendations to the DHHS 
Secretary, who in turn is to submit a report to the Congress containing 
detailed recommendations on standards with respect to the privacy of 
individually identifiable health information. The report is due in August 

Another indicator of increased privacy-consciousness on the Hill, it is 
important to pack this meeting with concerned citizens. The medical 
privacy "playing field" is heavily dominated by medical and insurance 
industry lobbyists, and little public input ever reaches the ears that 
matter.  Expect, and expect to have to fight, national ID proposals and
attempts by ingrained industries to thwart any meaningful new privacy 

Excerpt from the meeting announcement:
"The purpose of the hearings is to explore in detail the options,
choices, and trade-offs that must be a part of any health privacy
legislation. To the greatest extent possible, the discussion will focus
on specific alternatives that have been identified in legislative
proposals, on the consequences for patients and institutions of new
rules for use and disclosure of health data, and on how legislation
will operate in the real world. Issues will cover the full range of
fair information practices, patient rights, limitations on use and
disclosure of identifiable information, health identification number,
preemption of state laws, and privacy-enhancing technology."

What YOU Can Do: DHHS is requesting comments from the public on this
matter. If you wish to get your word in, reasoned, detailed, but concise
comments should be sent (on paper) to DHHS. Comments should be sent to:
NCVHS Subcommittee on Privacy and Confidentiality, c/o Division of Data 
Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 440D Humphrey Building, 200 
Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20201.

DEADLINE: 5pm ET, February 19, 1997.

You can also attend the hearings in person (attendance limited to
space available.) At the end of each hearing day, members of the public
can present oral testimony, limited to 3 minutes per person (you have to 
sign up on a list when you arrive to be considered for such a presentation).
Times and dates: 9am-5pm, February 3-4, 1997, and  9am-5pm, Feb. 18-19, 1997.
Place: Hubert H. Humphrey Building, 200 Independence Avenue, SW,
Room 503A, Washington, D.C. 20201. (The Humphrey Building is located one 
block from Federal Center SW Metrorail station.) Due to security measures,
you should arrive at 8:30, or at 12:30 if attending afternoon session only.

More information may be obtained from John P. Fanning, Office of the 
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, DHHS, Room 440D Humphrey 
Building, 200 Independence Avenue S.W., Washington, D.C. 20201, telephone 
(202) 690-7100, e-mail; or Marjorie S. Greenberg,
Acting Executive Secretary, NCVHS, NCHS, CDC, Room 1100, Presidential 
Building, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, telephone 
(301) 436-7050.


Subject: FTC Privacy Hearing Report: "Notice, Choice, Security, Access"

The US Federal Trade Commission - the closest thing to a Privacy Commission
the US has - has released it staff report on the FTC Bureau of 
Consumer Protection's "Consumer Privacy on the Global Information 
Infrastructure" workshop (June 4-5, 1996).  The workshop was part of the
Bureau's Consumer Privacy Initiative, "an ongoing effort to bring
consumers and businesses together to address consumer privacy issues
posed by the emerging online marketplace."  A followup workshop on these 
issues is being planned, but has not yet been scheduled.  

Participants in the 1996 workshop outlined "four necessary elements of 
protecting consumer privacy online", detailed in the report: Notice to 
consumers about how personal information collected online is used; choice 
for consumers about whether and how their personal information is used;
security of personal information, if commerce in cyberspace is to 
flourish on the Internet; and access for consumers to their own personal
information to ensure accuracy.  In general, the FTC's findings closely 
mirror those of EFF's eTRUST project, more information on which is at:

However, the FTC report, being based on a hearing many month ago, is not 
fully up to speed on recent developments like eTRUST, and EFF is pleased
to hear of the plans for another session. Hopefully eTRUST and other 
private sector efforts can hold off attempts at direct regulation in this 
area, such as last years attempts at legislating online privacy, in ways 
that were actually detrimental to the public interest.  Any public policy 
process involving the Internet should be in the slow lane, until 
lawmakers better understand this medium.

The report and related documents including transcripts from the workshop 
are available at:


Subject: NACIC & DoD Hint at Tracking Net Users

The National Counterintelligence Center (NACIC), in conjunction with most 
other federal intelleigence and law enforcement agencies, has released a 
short paper on foreign commercial and government spying on US interests 
for economic reasons.  Though the report is general, it does drift toward 
focusing on the Internet as source of trouble.  In as much as NACIC is 
pointing out long-standing Internet security problems (many of which 
could be solved by an overhaul of the intelligence community's cherished 
but senseless anti-encryption regulations), the report serves a useful end.

In other ways, however, it leaves room for concern, being perhaps too 
alarmist in suggesting that Internet connectitivity is a threat to 
proprietary information (this is no more true of the Net than of the 
telephone, unless the companies in question take inadequate security 

More disturbingly, the report appears to suggest in vague terms that all 
Web and other Internet communications and transactions should be 
monitorable and presumably trackable, noting that "Internet and E-mail 
networks provide direct methods of exploitation for foreign 
[intelligence] collection efforts. This is of particular concern in 
situations where programs to monitor the content of such online 
communications are lacking."

The Dept. of Defense mirrored this sentiment in no uncertain terms.
According to a Wall Street Journal article of Jan. 6, a Defense Science 
Board taskforce report calls for $580,000,000 in funding to not only create 
a US Information Warfare Center, run by an "Information Warfare Czar", but 
also to support private and public sector R&D to enable "automatically 
tracing cracker attacks back to their source", and even legally 
authorized "electronic countermeasures" right out of cyberpunk novels, 
such as the facility to infect invaders' systems with debilitating 
computer viruses via an "electronic immune system" detecting crackers 
and acting to repel and disable them.  All gee-wiz aside, such proposals 
do not bode well for computer security and user privacy.

The full text of the NACIC Annual Report to Congress on Foreign Economic 
Collection and Industrial Espionage is available at:

NACIC also put out another, related report, for private and public 
organizations who deal with sensitive information. This article, "Internet: 
The Fastest Growing Modus Operandi for Unsolicited Collection", is even 
more alarmist, yet is also intended for a very security-conscious audience
with reason to be "extra-careful".  The main thrust of this second report 
is to warn US companies and agencies to be on the lookout for foreigners 
asking for information via the Net. Among the advice included in the 
report is: "All requests for information received via the Internet should be
viewed with suspicion. Only respond to people who are personally known
and only after verifying their identity and address." This seems rather 
overblown, as written, but appears to be intended as a warning about
queries regarding sensitive information only. The introduction to the
newsletter containing the report says this will be it's last hardcopy issue,
"So, hook up your computer, modem, and browser . . . and we'll see you on 
the Web!!!"  Mixed messages?

This second report is available at:

No online copy of the DoD report has been located yet.


Subject: Newsnybbles

* PTO to Hold Domain Name Trademark & Unfair Competition Hearing

According to a brief Administration statement, the US Patent & Trademark 
office will hold hearings in early 1997 to "address the trademark and 
unfair competition issues relating to domain names".  No date appears to 
have been set yet.


Subject: Upcoming Events

This schedule lists EFF events, and those we feel might be of interest to
our members.  EFF events (those sponsored by us or featuring an EFF speaker)
are marked with a "*" instead of a "-" after the date.  Simlarly, government
events (such as deadlines for comments on reports or testimony submission,
or conferences at which government representatives are speaking) are marked
with "!" in place of the "-" ("!?" means a govt. speaker may appear, but
we don't know for certain yet.)  And likewise, "+" in place of "-"
indicates a non-USA event.  If it's a foreign EFF event with govt. people,
it'll be "*!+" instead of "-".  You get the idea. To let us know about an
event, please send details to Dennis Derryberry,, with a
subject line containing "CALENDAR:" followed by the name of the event.

The latest version of the full EFF calendar is available from:

ftp:, /pub/EFF/calendar.eff
gopher:, 1/EFF, calendar.eff

See also our new Now-Up-to-Date HTML calendar at:


Jan. 10 !* Karn v. US Dept. of State appeal hearing, Washington, DC.
          Please attend!

        ! Deadline for reply comments on FCC FSJB/CC Recommended Decision 
          on universal service reform.
          URL: (look for "Recommended Decision")

        - PHILADELPHIA - CALL FOR PAPERS!! - SIGIR '97 seeks original 
	  contributions (i.e. never before published) in the broad field 
	  of information storage and retrieval, covering the handling of 
	  all types of information, people's behavior in information
	  systems, and theories, models and implementations of information 
	  retrieval systems. Subscribe now to SIGIR '97 mailing list by 
	  writing to   Information on 
	  SIGIR '97 will periodically be sent to the mailing list as well as 
	  posted at
	  The conference will be held at the DoubleTree Hotel in 
	  Philadelphia, PA, USA, July 27 -- July 31, 1997

Jan. 13 + LANCASTER, UK - ECSCW'97, the Fifth European Conference on
          Computer Supported Cooperative Work; deadline for paper
          submissions is January 13, 1997; papers must contain an abstract
          of not more than 100 words and not exceed 16 pages in length; full
          formatting instructions are available from

          for more information:
          snail mail: ECSCW'97 Conference Office
                      Computing Department
                      Lancaster University
                      Lancaster  LA1 4YR  UK

Jan. 15-
     17 - WASHINGTON, DC - Universal Service '97: Redefining Universal 
	  Telecommunications Service for the Emerging Competitive
	  Environment; for more information contact:
	  tel: +1 800 822 MEET
	       +1 202 842 3022 x317

Jan. 16-
     17 - ARLINGTON, VA - NCSA International Virus Prevention Conference '97;
	  event will investigate "the continuing, worrisome, costly 
	  problem of computer virus attacks, disasters and recovery; 
	  Crystal Gateway Marriott (+1 703 271 5212);
	  more information:
	  tel: +1 717 258 1816

Jan. 19-
     21 - PALM SPRINGS, CA - Upside Technology Summit; "Managing Digital 
	  Mania: An Extreme Sport for Technology Executives"; examining 
	  effective business models and strategies in the booming world of 
	  e-commerce; Al Franken has been invited to give a closing speech;
	  La Quinta Resort & Club, Palm Springs, CA; for more info contact:
	  tel: +1 888 33 UPSIDE

Jan. 21 *! CDA unconstitutionaly Supreme Court case: government brief due.
Jan. 23 ! Deadline for public comments on IITF GII policy overhaul

Jan. 23-
     25 - CAMBRIDGE, MA
	  The Economics of Digital Information and Intellectual Property
	  Harvard University symposium to broaden and deepen understanding 
	  of emerging economic and business models for global publishing 
	  and information access and the attendant transformation of 
	  international information markets, institutions, and businesses.
	  First Announcement and Call for Papers; Prospective authors should 
	  submit short abstracts for review and comment as soon as possible. 
	  Acceptances of abstracts and outlines are conditional pending 
	  receipt of a satisfactory draft by December 15, 1996. Sponsored by
	  Harvard Law School.
	  regular mail: Tim Leshan, Information Infrastructure Project, 
		John F. Kennedy School of Government, 79 John F. Kennedy St., 
		Cambridge, MA 02138
	  tel: 617-496-1389
	  fax: 617-495-5776

Jan. 23 ! Deadline for public comments on FCC draft rules exempting
          ISPs from long distance fees imposed by local telcos

Jan. 28-
     31 - RSA Cryptography Conference - Computerworld called last year's 
	  event the sine qua non event of the crypto community; at various 
	  facilities atop Nob Hill in San Francisco, the luminaries of 
	  cryptography will gather; Right now, preparations for this 
	  conference are underway. There are many exciting ways for 
	  corporations and individuals to participate. Read on for 
	  information about presenting, exhibiting, or just attending

Jan. 31 ! Deadline for public comments on FRB consumer privacy study.

Feb. 3-
     4  ! DHHS medical privacy hearing #2, Washington, DC.
          Contact: +1 202 690 7100 (John Fanning)
Feb. 10-
     11 - Internet Society Symposium on Network and Distributed System 
	  Security; for those interested in the practical aspects of network 
	  and distributed system security, focusing on actual system design 
	  and implementation, rather than theory. Dates, final call for
          papers, advance program, and registration information will be
	  available at the URL:

Feb. 13 ! Deadline for public comments of DoC encryption export regualations.

        ! Deadline for reply comments on FCC draft rules exempting
          ISPs from long distance fees imposed by local telcos

Feb. 18-
     19 ! DHHS medical privacy hearing #2, Washington, DC.
          Contact: +1 202 690 7100 (John Fanning)

Feb. 18-
     20 - SAN JOSE, CA - DCI Internet Expo; the world's largest Internet, 
	  Web and email conference and exposition; comprehensive program 
	  will cover Web-enabled marketing, best practices for e-commerce 
	  and application development; San Jose Convention Center; also
	  will be held April 22-24 at McCormick Place in Chicago, IL;

Feb. 19 ! Deadline for public comments for DHHS medical privacy hearing.
          Contact: +1 202 690 7100 (John Fanning)

Feb. 20 *! CDA unconstitutionaly Supreme Court case: Appellee (ACLU/ALA/
          EFF/CIEC) brief due.

Feb. 21 ! Deadline for public comments on FCC inquiry into technological
          hurdles for Net growth

Feb. 24-
	  Financial Cryptography '97 - CALL FOR PAPERS; this is a new 
	  conference on the security of digital financial transactions.
	  FC97 aims to bring together persons involved in both the
	  financial and data security fields to foster cooperation and 
	  exchange of ideas. Send a cover letter and 9 copies of an extended 
	  abstract to be received by November 29, 1996 to the Program Chair 
	  at the address given below:
	  Rafael Hirschfeld
	  FC97 Program Chair
	  Kruislaan 413
	  1098 SJ Amsterdam
	  The Netherlands
	  phone: +31 20 592 4169
	  fax: +31 20 592 4199

Mar. 1-
     5 -  ACM97: The Next 50 Years of Computing; San Jose Convention 
	  Center, March 1-5, 1997; Registration information: 
	  tel: +1 800 342 6626		

Mar. 3-
     5 -  NEW YORK CITY - Consumer Online Services TV; Jupiter 
	  Communications conference featuring Steve Case of AOL and 
	  Steve Perlman of WebTV; for more information contact:
	  tel: +1 800 488 4345

Mar. 7 *! CDA unconstitutionaly Supreme Court case: govt. reply brief due.

Mar. 11-
     14 * 7th Conference on Computers, Freedom & Privacy (CFP97), San
          Francisco Airport Hyatt Regency Hotel in Burlingame, CA.
          The "cyberliberties" mega-event.  Speakers will include EFF
          staff counsel Mike Godwin, and many others. EFF's annual Pioneer
          Awards ceremony will be held at CFP97. Early registration is
          advised (registration will probably open in Jan., and reg. info
          will appear on the CFP site listed below).

Mar. 24 ! Deadline for reply comments on FCC inquiry into technological
          hurdles for Net growth

Apr. 8-
     11 - FRACTAL 97: Fractals in the Natural & Applied Sciences 4th 
          International Working Conference; Denver Colorado.  Sponsored by
          IFIP; paper submissions due by Aug. 5, 1996.
          Contact: Miroslav Novak, +44 181 547 2000 (voice), 
                   +44 181 547 7562 or 7419 (fax)

Apr. 22-
     24 - CHICAGO, IL - DCI Internet Expo; the world's largest Internet,
          Web and email conference and exposition; comprehensive program
          will cover Web-enabled marketing, best practices for e-commerce
          and application development; San Jose Convention Center; also
          will be held February 18-20 at the San Jose Convention Center;

June 2-
     4  - American Society for Information Science 1997 Mid-Year Conference;  
          gathering will focus on privacy and security issues online; 
          Scottsdale Arizona; paper submissions due Nov. 1, 1996.
		Gregory B. Newby, Co-Chair GSLIS/UIUC
	  	 Tel: (217) 244-7365; Email:
		Mark H. Needleman, Co chair UCOP
		 Tel: (510) 987-0530; Email:
		Karla Petersen, Panel  Sessions
		 Tel: (312) 508-2657; Email:
		Richard Hill, Executive Director, ASIS
		 Tel: (301) 495-0900; Email:

June 14-
	  ED-MEDIA/ED-TELECOM 97--World Conference on Educational 
	  Multimedia and Hypermedia and World Conference on Educational 
	  Telecommunications are jointly held international conferences, 
	  organized by the Association for the Advancement of Computing 
	  in Education (AACE). These annual conferences serve as multi-
	  disciplinary forums for the discussion and dissemination of 
	  information on the research, development, and applications on all 
	  topics related to multimedia/hypermedia and distance education.  
	  We invite you to attend ED-MEDIA/ED-TELECOM 97 and submit proposals 
	  for papers, panels, roundtables, tutorials, workshops, 
	  demonstrations/posters, and SIG discussions. Proposals may be 
	  submitted in either hard copy (send 5 copies or fax 1 copy) 
	  or in electronic form.  Electronic proposals in the form of 
	  URL addresses or ASCII files (uncoded) are preferred.
	  Submission Deadline: Oct. 25, 1996; Send to:
	  Program Chairs
	  P.O. Box 2966
	  Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
	  E-mail:; Phone: 804-973-3987; Fax: 804-978-7449

June 19-
     20 - WASHINGTON, DC - CyberPayments '97
	  Conference will investigate issues of online commerce including
	  electronic cash and checks, credit cards, encryption systems 
	  and security products; Sheraton Washington Hotel, Washington, DC
	  For more information contact:
	  tel: +1 216 464 2618 x228
	       +1 800 529 7375

July 13-
     17 - ACUTA 26th Annual Conference; Atlanta, Georgia.
          Contact: +1 606 278 3338 (voice)

Sep. 7 -
     11 + LANCASTER, UK - ECSCW'97, the Fifth European Conference on 
	  Computer Supported Cooperative Work; deadline for paper 
	  submissions is January 13, 1997; papers must contain an abstract 
	  of not more than 100 words and not exceed 16 pages in length; full 
	  formatting instructions are available from
	  for more information:
	  snail mail: ECSCW'97 Conference Office
		      Computing Department
		      Lancaster University
		      Lancaster  LA1 4YR  UK

Sep. 12-
     14   SAN DIEGO - Association of Online Professionals Annual 
	  Conference; sysop trade association's yearly gathering to 
	  discuss issues of relevance to the industry

Oct. 28-
     31 - EDUCOM '97; Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota.
          Contact: +1 202 872 4200 (voice)

Dec. 1  - Computer Security Day (started by Washington DC chapter of the
          Assoc. for Computing Machinery, to "draw attention to computer
          security during the holdiay season when it might otherwise become


Subject: Quote of the Day

     "...The peculiar evil of silencing the expression of an opinion is
     that it is robbing the human race; posterity as well as the
     existing generation; those who dissent from the opinion, still more
     than those who hold it. If the opinion is right, they are deprived
     of the opportunity of exchanging error for truth: if wrong, they
     lose, what is almost as great a benefit, the clearer perception and
     livelier impression of truth, produced by its collision with
     error...We have now recognized the necessity to the mental
     well-being of mankind (on which all their other well-being depends)
     of freedom of opinion, and freedom of the expression of opinion, on
     four distinct grounds; which we will now briefly recapitulate.

     "First, if any opinion is compelled to silence, that opinion may,
     for aught we can certainly know, be true. To deny this is to assume
     our own infallibility.

     "Secondly, though the silenced opinion be an error, it may, and
     very commonly does, contain a portion of truth; and since the
     general or prevailing opinion on any subject is rarely or never the
     whole truth, it is only by the collision of adverse opinions that
     the remainder of the truth has any chance of being supplied.

     "Thirdly, even if the received opinion be not only true, but the
     whole truth; unless it is suffered to be, and actually is,
     vigorously and earnestly contested, it will, by most of those who
     receive it, be held in the manner of a prejudice, with little
     comprehension or feeling of its rational grounds.

     "And not only this, but fourthly, the meaning of the doctrine
     itself will be in danger of being lost, or enfeebled, and deprived
     of its vital effect on the character and conduct: the dogma
     becoming a mere formal profession, inefficacious for good, but
     encumbering the ground, and preventing the growth of any real and
     heartfelt conviction, from reason or personal experience."

  - John Stuart Mill essay, "On Liberty"

Find yourself wondering if your privacy and freedom of speech are safe 
when bills to censor the Internet are swimming about in a sea of of 
surveillance legislation and anti-terrorism hysteria?  Worried that in 
the rush to make us secure from ourselves that our government 
representatives may deprive us of our essential civil liberties? 
Concerned that legislative efforts nominally to "protect children" will 
actually censor all communications down to only content suitable for 
the playground?  Alarmed by commercial and religious organizations abusing
the judicial and legislative processes to stifle satire, dissent and 

Join EFF! (or send any message to

Even if you don't live in the U.S., the anti-Internet hysteria will soon 
be visiting a legislative body near you.  If it hasn't already.


Subject: What YOU Can Do

* Keep and eye on your local legislature/parliament
All kinds of wacky censorious legislation is turning up at the US state 
and non-US national levels.  Don't let it sneak by you - or by the 
online activism community. Without locals on the look out, it's very 
difficult for the Net civil liberties community to keep track of what's 
happening locally as well as globally.

* Inform your corporate government affairs person or staff counsel
if you have one. Keep them up to speed on developments you learn of,
and let your company's management know if you spot an issue that warrants
your company's involvement.

* Find out who your congresspersons are

Writing letters to, faxing, and phoning your representatives in Congress
is one very important strategy of activism, and an essential way of
making sure YOUR voice is heard on vital issues.

If you are having difficulty determining who your US legislators are,
try contacting your local League of Women Voters, who maintain a great 
deal of legislator information, or consult the free ZIPPER service
that matches Zip Codes to Congressional districts with about 85%
accuracy at:

Computer Currents Interactive has provided Congress contact info, sorted 
by who voted for and against the Communications Decency Act: (NB: Some of these folks have, 
fortunately, been voted out of office.)

* Join EFF!

You *know* privacy, freedom of speech and ability to make your voice heard
in government are important. You have probably participated in our online
campaigns and forums.  Have you become a member of EFF yet?  The best way to
protect your online rights is to be fully informed and to make your
opinions heard.  EFF members are informed and are making a difference.  Join
EFF today!

For EFF membership info, send queries to, or send any
message to for basic EFF info, and a membership form.



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