Exhibit A

This is a memo prepared for Davis Robinson, then the Legal Adviser for the Department of State. This is a very well-documented paper on the various unconstitutional provisions of ITAR. The two areas this memo concentrates on are the "technical data" definition as well as the definition of "export." Near the conclusion, Simms states: "We remain of the opinion, however, that ... the ITAR still present some areas of potentially unconstitutional application. ...The best legal solution ... is for the Department of State, not the courts, to narrow the regulations."

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The @USTradeRep's TPP proposal could block needed orphan works reforms. We join civil society groups to speak out: https://eff.org/r.updq

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