Transparency Project

Endpoint Surveillance Tools (CIPAV)

In 2007 after Wired reported on evidence that the FBI was able to use “secret spyware” to track the source of e-mailed bomb threats against a Washington state high school EFF submitted a Freedom of Information Act request for information on the technology. The documents we received discuss endpoint surveillance technology the FBI calls a “web bug” or a “Computer and Internet Protocol Address Verifier” (CIPAV) which seems to have been in use since at least 2001.

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